Types of wood
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WOOD SPECIES

Type of wood species that we may use. The wood species that we commonly use are shown in orange. The wood species shown in yellow may be requested. Click on the name for picture and details. 

PILE STRUCTURES FOR OVER WATER UNITS   SIDINGS
Azobe   Banyuwangi Teak
    Bojonegoro Teak
DOORS and WINDOWS   Bayur
Australian Oak   Camphor
Cherry   Coconut wood
Camphor   Dura Pine
Kempas   Hickory
Mahogany   Jarrah
Meranti   Kempas
Merbau   Keruwing
Nyatoh   Meranti
Radiata Pine   Merbau
Red Oak   Nyatoh
White Oak   Radiata Pine
    Teak
FLOORING    
Australian Oak   STRUCTURES
Banyuwangi Teak   Bangkirai
Bojonegoro Teak   Bayur
Bayur   Camphor
Camphor   Dura Pine
Cherry   Kempas
Dura Pine   Keruwing
Hickory   Merbau
Jarrah   Radiata Pine
Kempas    
Keruwing   CABINETS
Meranti   Banyuwangi Teak
Merbau   Bojonegoro Teak
Nyatoh   Cherry
Radiata Pine   Hickory
Red Oak   Mahogany
Teak   Merbau
Walnut   Nyatoh
White Oak   Radiata Pine
    Teak
    Walnut
    White Oak
     
    ROOF SHINGLES
    Cedar
    Iron wood
    Kempas
    Merbau
    Nyatoh

  Click on the name to view the pictures and specifications

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AZOBE  
 

Botanical Name
Lophhra Alata

Other Names
Bongkossi, Ekki

Origin
Africa

Sapwood Colour
Pale pink well defined from heartwood

Heartwood Colour

Reddish brown
to dark brown occasionally with purple highlights

Grain
Cross grain

Texture
Uniform

Common Uses
Beams, bridge construction, heavy construction, marine construction (piles)

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

1000

Specific gravity
-
0.94
Hardness
N

13400

Bending Strength
N/mm2
157
Stiffness
N/mm2

17500

Radial shrinkage
%
4
Tangential shrinkage
%
6
 

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AUSTRALIAN OAK (FSC certified)
 

Botanical Name
Eucalyptus regnans, delegatensis, obliquaucalyptus marginata

Other Names
Tasmanian oak, Victorian ash

Origin
Australia

Sapwood Colour
Pale pink to pale straw

Heartwood Colour

Pale brown to light grey


Grain
Straight

Texture
Medium coarse

Common Uses
Windows, doors, flooring, mouldings, furniture, staircase components

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

650-780

Specific gravity
-
0.62
Hardness
N
4510
Bending Strength
N/mm2
100.6
Stiffness
N/mm2
13700
Radial shrinkage
%
5
Tangential shrinkage
%
9
 

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BAYUR
 

Botanical Name
Pterospermum Javanium

Other Names
Wadang, Walang, Phenjur, Juga bolang, Buli, Damarsala

Origin
Indonesia

Sapwood Colour
Creamy white to yellow brown


Heartwood Colour

Light red brown


Grain
Straight and shallowly interlocked

Texture
Moderately fine

Common Uses
Flooring, sidings, construction

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

940-992

Specific gravity
-
 
Hardness
N
 
Bending Strength
N/mm2
 
Stiffness
N/mm2
 
Radial shrinkage
%
2
Tangential shrinkage
%
3.7
 

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BANGKIRAI
 

Botanical Name
Shorea Leavis

Other Names Balau, Tasmanian oak, Victorian ash

Origin
Indonesia

Sapwood Colour
Yellowish pale light brown


Heartwood Colour

Yellowish brown


Grain
Straight

Texture
Fine to rather coarse

Common Uses
Structures, bridges, heavy duty flooring

 
Resistant to termites
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3
 
Specific gravity
-
 
Hardness
N
 
Bending Strength
N/mm2
 
Stiffness
N/mm2
 
Radial shrinkage
%
 
Tangential shrinkage
%
 
Detailed technical specification available

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CAMPHOR
 

Botanical Name
Dryobalanops spp.

Other Names
Kapur, Keladan, Belakan


Origin
Indonesia, Malaysia

Sapwood Colour
Yellowish pale light brown


Heartwood Colour

Red to red brown


Grain
Straight or interlocked

Texture
Medium coarse

Common Uses
Flooring, doors, windows, construction 

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3
575 - 815
Specific gravity
-
 
Hardness
N
 
Bending Strength
N/mm2
114 - 126
Modulus of Elasticity
N/mm2
15,500
Radial shrinkage
%
1.5 - 2.1
Tangential shrinkage
%
3.8 - 5.1
 

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CEDAR (FSC certified)
 

Botanical Name
Cedrela Fissilis

Other Names
Royal cedar

Origin
South America,

Sapwood Colour
White to yellow

Heartwood Colour

Yellow pinkish


Grain
Even

Texture
Fine


Common Uses
Furniture, joinery, shingles

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

512

Specific gravity
-
0.42
Hardness
N

-

Bending Strength
N/mm2
67.4
Stiffness
N/mm2

9700

Radial shrinkage
%
4
Tangential shrinkage
%
8
 

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CHERRY
 

Botanical Name
Prunus Serotina

Other Names
American cherry, black cherry

Origin
North Eastern USA, Canada

Sapwood Colour
White to reddish brown or creamy pink

Heartwood Colour

Pink brown

Grain
Fine but sometimes dark wavy streaks which are striking in appearance

Texture
Fine and uniform texture, often narrow brown pith flecks and small gum pockets


Common Uses
Furniture, cabinets, mouldings, paneling, flooring, doors, windows

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

545

Specific gravity
-
0.94
Hardness
N
3520
Bending Strength
N/mm2
87.1
Stiffness
N/mm2
11600
Radial shrinkage
%
3
Tangential shrinkage
%
7
 

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COCONUT WOOD
 

Botanical Name
Cocos Nucifera

Other Names
 

Origin
In all tropical zones

Dermal zone
Dark brown

Sub dermal zone

Light brown

Central core
Yellowish


Grain
Straight
 

Texture
Coarse with quill-like streaks


Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, sidings, paneling, poles

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

240 - 850

Specific gravity
-
 
Hardness
N
 
Bending Strength
N/mm2
16 - 109
Modulus of Elasticity
N/mm2
1,980 - 12,700
Radial shrinkage
%
2.7 - 7.4
Tangential shrinkage
%
3 - 6
 

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DURA PINE


Dura Pine is a superior quality Radiata Pine timber, a versatile timber, with beauty and strength.

Available kiln-dried, machine stress rated framing solution for lightweight construction, or in various appearance grades, Dura Pine is a general purpose timber par excellence.

Dura pine has been developed to ensure structural performance, and its performance characteristics provide the framework for achieving an excellent quality of finish.

For situations considered exposed to group atmosphere, or where insect attack is known to be a risk. Dura Pine is available in a range of preservative treated forms, including full anti termite.

Dura Pine is a premium non-arsenic based effective treatment against termites and fungal decay, both above ground and in ground. Dura Pine has become the most successful alternative to CCA treated wood and is ideal for multiple residential and industrial applications. the Dura Pine products are treated with copper azole (CA) and recognized for their durability, extended life and corrosion resistance, making Dura Pine a wise choice for lasting solutions

 

For the physical properties and a detailed technical description click <here>

 

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HICKORY
 

Botanical Name
Carya spp.

Other Names
Nutmeg hickory, Bitter pecan

Origin
Eastern USA

Sapwood Colour
Pale brown

Heartwood Colour

Brown yellow plus orange tint

Grain
Straight but occasionally wavy or irregular

Texture
Uniform to medium coarse

Common Uses
Tool handles, furniture, cabinetry, flooring, sidings, ladders, dowels, sporting goods

  `
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

576

Specific gravity
-
0.56
Hardness
N
8095
Bending Strength
N/mm2
114
Stiffness
N/mm2
11700
Radial shrinkage
%
5
Tangential shrinkage
%
9
 

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IRON WOOD
 

Botanical Name
Eusideroxylon Zwageri

Other Names
Ulin

Origin
Indonesia

Sapwood Colour
Pale brown to brownish yellow
 

Heartwood Colour
Light brown when freshly cut.


Grain
Straight and slightly interlocked, somewhat lustrous

Texture
Fine and even

Common Uses
Roof shingles

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3
 
Specific gravity
-
 
Hardness
N
 
Bending Strength
N/mm2
 
Stiffness
N/mm2
 
Radial shrinkage
%
 
Tangential shrinkage
%
 
 

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JARRAH
 

Botanical Name
Eucalyptus marginata

Other Names
-

Origin
Australia

Sapwood Colour
Uniform pink to dark red

Heartwood Colour

Reddish brown

Grain
Interlocked

Texture
Medium coarse

Common Uses
Agriculture implements, boat building, beams, construction, decking, flooring, sidings, furniture, marine construction, shingles, veneers

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

833

Specific gravity
-
0.72
Hardness
N
8170
Bending Strength
N/mm2
109.1
Stiffness
N/mm2
12900
Radial shrinkage
%
6
Tangential shrinkage
%
9
 

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KEMPAS
 

Botanical Name
Koompassia Malaccensis

Other Names
Hampas, Sifai, Makupa, Mengris, Keramji

Origin
Indonesia, Malaysia

Sapwood Colour
Yellow to pale white

Heartwood Colour

Orangish red to reddish brown

Grain
l
nterlocked, sometimes spiraled grain, is fairly lusterous.

Texture
Coarse

Common Uses
Flooring, sidings, decking, beams, columns, shingles

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

770-1120

Specific gravity
-
0.72
Hardness
N
1710
Bending Strength
N/mm2
122-133
Modulus of Elasticity
N/mm2
19,500
Radial shrinkage
%
6
Tangential shrinkage
%
7.4
 

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KERUWING
 

Botanical Name
Dipterocarpus spp.

Other Names
Apitong, Lagan, Yang, Sabah gurjun


Origin
Indonesia, Malaysia, Thaiuland, Vietnam, Cambodja

Sapwood Colour
Greyish brown

Heartwood Colour

Light red to Reddish brown

Grain
Straight and shallowly interlocked

Texture
Moderately coarse

Common Uses
Flooring, sidings, construction, bridges

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

690-945

Specific gravity
-
0.72
Hardness
N
1270
Bending Strength
N/mm2
91 - 133
Modulus of Elasticity
N/mm2
18,000
Radial shrinkage
%
1.6 - 5.2
Tangential shrinkage
%
3.3 - 10.9
Detailed technical specification available

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MAHOGANY
 

Botanical Name
Swietenia Mahogany

Other Names
-

Origin
Indonesia

Sapwood Colour
Creamy white

Heartwood Colour

R
eddish brown heartwood, often with a purple cast.

Grain
Interlocked or straight grain, often with a ribbon figure. Medium to high luster.

Texture
Moderately coarse

Common Uses
Furniture, cabinets, doors, windows, paneling

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

 

Specific gravity
-
 
Hardness
N
 
Bending Strength
N/mm2
 
Stiffness
N/mm2
 
Radial shrinkage
%
 
Tangential shrinkage
%
 
Detailed technical specification available

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MERANTI
 

Botanical Name
Shorea Uliginosa, Fam. of Dipterocarpaceae

Other Names
Red Meranti

Origin
Indonesia, Malaysia

Sapwood Colour
Pale orange brown

Heartwood Colour

Deep r
eddish brown

Grain
Interlocked and wavy.

Texture
Coarse

Common Uses
Furniture, cabinets, doors, windows, paneling, light construction

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

560-865

Specific gravity
-
0.66
Hardness
N
 
Bending Strength
N/mm2
75 - 92
Modulus of Elasticity
N/mm2
12,000
Radial shrinkage
%
1.1 - 2.1
Tangential shrinkage
%
2.9 - 4.4
Detailed technical specification available

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MERBAU 
 

Botanical Name
Intsia Bijuga

Other Names
Ipil, Kwila, Lumpha, Vesi

Origin
Indonesia

Sapwood Colour
Yellowish brown

Heartwood Colour

B
rown-gray, brown-yellow, brown-red or black

Grain
Straight or occasionally slightly interlocked

Texture
Evenly coarse

Common Uses
Flooring, sidings, cabinets, doors, windows, some structures

 
Resistant to termites
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3
 
Specific gravity
-
 
Hardness
N
1712
Bending Strength
N/mm2
 
Stiffness
N/mm2
 
Radial shrinkage
%
 
Tangential shrinkage
%
 
Detailed technical specification available

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NYATOH
 

Botanical Name
Sapotaceae family

Other Names
Chinese teak

Origin
Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

Sapwood Colour
Whitish yellow

Heartwood Colour

Dark yellow to light brown

Grain
Straight grain


Texture
Moderately fine to slightly coarse

Common Uses
Flooring, sidings, doors, windows, cabinets, construction

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3
 610 - 800
Specific gravity
-
 
Hardness
N
 
Bending Strength
N/mm2
85
Modulus of Elasticity
N/mm2
12,770
Radial shrinkage
%
4.1
Tangential shrinkage
%
7.7
Detailed technical specification available

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RADIATA PINE
 

Botanical Name
Pinus Radiata

Other Names
-

Origin
New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, Chile

Sapwood Colour
Pale yellow, often indistinct

Heartwood Colour

Lightbrown to yellow

Grain
The grain us usually straight but knots are common

Texture
Relative uniform, little contrast between growth rings

Common Uses
Beams, construction, decking, flooring, furniture, poles, doors, windows, cladding veneers

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

491

Specific gravity
-
0.44
Hardness
N
34
Bending Strength
N/mm2
72
Stiffness
N/mm2
5900
Radial shrinkage
%
3
Tangential shrinkage
%
6
Detailed technical specification availabl

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RED OAK (FSC certified)
 

Botanical Name
Quercus Rubra

Other Names
Northern red oak, Southern red oak

Origin
North America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish to grayish or pale reddish brown

Heartwood Colour

Pinkish to light reddish brown or light brown

Grain
Straight and open grain, small flake pattern when quarter sawn (tiger rays or butterflies) but not as visible as white oak


Texture
From the northern region are less coarse than the faster growing southern red oak, rays are mostly shorter, narrower and darker than white oak ray


Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, architectural interiors, internal joinery, mouldings, doors,windows, kitchen cabinets, veneer, construction, panelling

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

689

Specific gravity
-
0.84
Hardness
N
5450
Bending Strength
N/mm2
98.8
Stiffness
N/mm2
12300
Radial shrinkage
%
3
Tangential shrinkage
%
8
 

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TEAK (FSC Certified)
 

Botanical Name
Tectona Grandis  

Other Names
Jati Teak, Bojonegoro Teak

Origin
Indonesia

Sapwood Colour
Brown Yellowish

Heartwood Colour

Brown to golden brown

Grain
Straight


Texture
Medium coarse to coarse

Common Uses
Flooring, decking, sidings, doors, windows, cabinetry

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

624

Specific gravity
-
0.57
Hardness
N
4700
Bending Strength
N/mm2
103.8
Stiffness
N/mm2
12100
Radial shrinkage
%
2
Tangential shrinkage
%
5
Detailed technical specification available

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WALNUT
 

Botanical Name
Juglans Nigra

Other Names
Black walnut

Origin
Central USA

Sapwood Colour
Creamy white

Heartwood Colour

Light brown to dark brown and dark streaks

Grain
Usually straight occasionally wavy or irregular

Texture
Uniform but coarse

Common Uses
Furniture, cabinetry, interior decoration, flooring, paneling

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

641

Specific gravity
-
0.55
Hardness
N
4492
Bending Strength
N/mm2
105.2
Stiffness
N/mm2
11800
Radial shrinkage
%
4
Tangential shrinkage
%
7
 

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WHITE OAK (FSC certified)
 

Botanical Name
Quercus Alba

Other Names
Northern white oak, Southern white oak

Origin
North America

Sapwood Colour
Whitish to light brown

Heartwood Colour

Pale yellow brown to pale dark brown


Grain
Open grain, longer rays then red oak, occasional swirls and burls, tighter grain pattern, quarter sawn has distinct flake pattern (tiger rays or butterflies).

Texture
Medium to coarse

Common Uses
Furniture, flooring, architectural interiors, exterior joinery, mouldings, doors, windows, kitchen cabinets, paneling, construction, railway sleepers, timber bridges

 
 
Physical Properties at MC 12%
Density
kg/m3

753

Specific gravity
-
0.60
Hardness
N

6170

Bending Strength
N/mm2
106.9
Stiffness
N/mm2

12500

Radial shrinkage
%
5
Tangential shrinkage
%
10
 

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Last modified: October 05, 2013
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